In a series of intriguing tweets, John McAfee dropped a bombshell yesterday by claiming knowledge of Satoshi Nakamoto’s identity. McAfee intends to end speculation on Nakamoto’s identity once and for all, which he feels is necessary for the crypto space to move forward. He goes on to say he will divulge information until Nakamoto comes forward. Failing that, McAfee himself will disclose Nakamoto’s identity.
The "Who is Satoshi?" Mystery must end! First: It is NOT the CIA nor any agency of any world government. It IS a collection of people, but the white paper was written by one man, who currentky resides in the US. If he does not come forward these narrowings will continue.
John McAfee’s outing of Satoshi Nakamoto has reignited speculation on crypto’s greatest mystery. At present, the only widely known report pertains to him being an unknown person, or group, who developed Bitcoin. According to a profile on P2P Foundation, which is an organization studying peer-to-peer technology, Nakamoto claims to be a Japanese resident born on the 5th April 1975.
However, given his perfect English, with the use of colloquialisms, some speculate he is not Japanese. Or in the very least, a member of his team originates from the British Commonwealth.
Following the timeline of his last known actions, he continued to contribute to the coding of Bitcoin until mid-2010. It was then Gavin Andresen received control of the source code repository and network alert key. After that, Nakamoto’s involvement with Bitcoin ended.
The mysterious circumstances of his sudden disappearance have only added to Bitcoin’s allegorical notoriety. But, this hasn’t stopped speculation on several names including Nick Szabo, Craig Wright, Dorian Nakamoto, and Hal Finney. With some even claiming Bitcoin is a US Intelligence project.
According to McAfee, the secret of who Nakamoto is perpetuates a pointless exercise. To which, the entire crypto industry would benefit from knowing his identity. In one of his tweets, he said:
“I protected the identity of Satoshi. It’s time, though, that this be put to bed. Imposters claim to be him, we are spending time and energy in search of him – It’s a waste. Every day I will narrow down the identity of Satoshi until he reveals himself, or I reveal him.”
However, given McAfee’s past form for sensationalism, it’s fair to question whether he knows Nakamoto’s true identity. But, at the same time, McAfee’s cypherpunk credentials do stack up, giving plausibility to his claims. Especially so, considering his active involvement in the industry during Bitcoin’s formative years.
Nakamoto Wants Anonymity
Whether McAfee will out Nakamoto, or not, this much is clear, Nakamoto wishes to remain anonymous. According to Alex Lielacher, his motives for anonymity are based on safeguarding the Bitcoin project and allowing it to operate on its own merit. He wrote:
“it is arguable that he remained anonymous in order to avoid the possibility of him becoming the de facto leader of the system and, thereby, having people place their trust in him as the creator as opposed to the ledger. Moreover, any announcement by Satoshi would likely be regarded as investment advice by those who held the digital currency and may have resulted in price movements.”
What if Satoshi Nakamoto or the group wanted to remain anonymous for a good cause…???
BitMax.io (BTMX.com), the industry-leading next-generation digital asset trading platform, and EtherZero, a smart contract platform for developers, have established a strategic partnership. EtherZero (ETZ) will be listed on the BitMax.io and trading begins on April 19th, 2019. What is EtherZero? EtherZero is a hard fork on Ethereum and provides a high scalability, instant payment, zero-cost decentralized platform for developers to deploy smart contracts and DApps. The advantage of instant transactions and zero fees make it an excellent platform for DApp development. EtherZero Benefits High scalability: EtherZero supports very high transaction volumes with fast verifications. It can process 1,400 transactions per
By CCN.com: Binance Coin (BNB) is reasonably on the radar now for investors seeking bullish momentum. The Binance crypto exchange’s native token established a new 52-week high, up 81.49-percent from its 52-week low price of $4.19. The move prompted BNB to come closer to retesting its all-time high price of $24.91, which was accomplished during the January 12 trading session in 2018. But are there more gains in store for this crypto asset? Let’s take a quick look at its near-term market outlook to understand where it might head next. Mainnet Launch in Focus Binance on Thursday announced that it would
Instead of storing data in native database forms we may use blockchain to store data which as a result becomes highly secure and decentralized(essence of blockchain).
👉 In general, traditional user accounts can be substituted by public-private keys and addresses in blockchains. Traditional databases are subject to strong access control, almost all data is restricted to authenticated accounts. Moreover, account creation is also of a centralized model in traditional databases, by which a database administrator grants the user an account for access. With blockchains, conversely, key pairs are generated freely by anyone, without the need for centralized administration.
👉 For applications that require some form of central administration, it is achievable through the business logic inside the client/node software. Privileged key pairs known as administrators can be built into the client software. 👼
Elements of a traditional database can have a new interpretation as objects in a blockchain environment. The followings are examples of basic objects:
Public Key: the public part of a key pair generated by users
Address: an abbreviated form of public key
Virtual Identity/Avatar: long term use identity, as compared to public key, which can be for temporary use
Organization: an identity associated with and managed by multiple virtual identities/avatars
Fungible: virtual asset/token of a fungible nature, such as currency and share etc.
Then why haven’t we used blockchains for database yet: 😔
Here is the reason: 😅
There have been many problems with this idea.
• First, Bitcoin style blockchain is proven to be difficult and expensive. Such blockchains works on a ‘proof-of-work’ consensus i.e miners compete with each other to validate the block of blockchain and whoever validates it first gets the reward. Generally the one with high computation power gets the reward.
•It takes a lot of energy and computation power for mining. This has been highly criticized 😥 at the international level as the power consumed to mine a single bitcoin is almost equivalent to the power consumed by a household daily and all other miners’ energy and time is wasted who did not come first.
•It has been a prolonged battle and drama to raise Bitcoin’s maximum block size limit, by which evidently reflects that inherent scalability limitation of the technology. The scalability issues stem from the fact that, unlike previous distributed databases, Bitcoin is an extremely redundant system.
•Single blockchain provides no isolation system or resource between application.
What if I say that there is no need to spend time and energy to validate a blockchain transaction but still we can validate the blockchain and we can have millions of interacting blockchains. 😌
Here comes Sunny King 😇
Sunny King, a legendary blockchain developer, is the inventor of Proof of Stake consensus mechanism and creator of three cryptocurrencies/blockchain projects, including V SYSTEMS, Peercoin and Primecoin.
Sunny king invented Proof-of-stake consensus mechanism with which the blockchain could be still validated without spending any energy.
V SYSTEMS is a native blockchain database and decentralized app platform that aims to create a brand new digital economy era. The project is led by chief architect, Sunny King.
Their mission is to create a future economy built upon millions of blockchains based on Supernode Proof of Stake (SPoS). V SYSTEMS aims to materialize the vision by building an innovative database cloud to make blockchain development swift and easy.
“ There are tens of thousands of blockchain project happening around the world. But due to the many flaws and inherent scalability issues, the world has yet to witness a massive adoption of this technology. It is time to tackle the core issues of blockchain and reinvent the technology to bring a truly scalable, stable, and global blockchain platform that is easy to use and is compatible with billions of system. By doing so, enable the widespread of blockchain adoption and push forward a whole new era. ”
The followings are basic user database operations:
• Create database • Insert object
• Update object • Delete object
• Create index • Query by index key value
Objects, in the form of JSON objects, are pretty powerful data structures to represent structured data. Key-value pairs can be considered a simple example of objects.
How to handle concurrency in blockchain database: 😕
When a user attempts to insert a key-value pair, an observer sees the key or name in the broadcast and then makes a competing insert of the same key or name, which may get confirmed into the blockchain instead of the original insert. Namecoin introduced a protocol to deal with this issue. The idea goes like this:
User sends a pre ‐ insertion reservation transaction, where the key/name of the insertion is hidden via hashing. The protocol understands that the reservation transaction reserves the insertion of the given key for some period.
Wait for the pre‐insertion reservation transaction to confirm. Then broadcast the actual insertion transaction to the network. The insertion transaction should include a link/reference to the reservation transaction to pass protocol validation that the insertion and the reservation match each other.
Advanced Database Features 👇
The platform also plans to introduce advanced database query features. An object-relational query language such as those similar to MongoDB, is more flexible than the traditional relational query model, also known as SQL. Google’s MapReduce also presents a new form of data processing.
Database Migration 👇
Migration features are extremely important for a database. As a database scales, it would be more cost effective to migrate it to a separate blockchain of its own, so the blockchain fees can be lowered specific to the application itself. The platform plans to provide migration tools to move database from one blockchain to another. On-the-go blockchain creation.
V Systems’s Cryptocurrency, VSYS, mentioned on top cryptocurrency exchanges such as BITFINEX etc.
Nevertheless, there are concerns over Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism, including the lack of incentives for nodes to perform hardware upgrades and the random process of block generation. These are proven to be major obstacles to scaling blockchain. And after careful evaluation, V Systems has devised the brand new Supernode Proof-of-Stake (SPoS) consensus, to both incorporate the goods and discard the bads with the old mechanisms.
Supernode Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism dictates that elevated nodes (supernodes) act as minting pools while holders of VSYS coins, native currency of the blockchain, take up the role as minters through leasing their coins to supernodes. Interests will be paid to coin owners who leased their coins to supernodes for minting. This new incentive model does not only ensure the quality of the nodes, but also guarantee a truly decentralized ecosystem where VSYS coin owners have the actual power to govern the network.
World’s first Smart Contract
Smart contracts allow parties to create binding agreements without a third trusted party. Bitcoin used a simple scripting system when validating a transaction. Later, Ethereum redesigned a new smart contract system with a Turing-complete programming language known as Solidity.
V Systems plans to support compatible implementations of Ethereum and EOS style smart contracts. Virtual machines will be implemented in a modular fashion so that applications can choose to enable a preferred style of smart contracts.
The platform plans to provide toolsets to sets up blockchain for applications. Blockchain template preparation allows user to choose from different protocol parameters and pluggable components such as consensus model. Once the template and options are selected, the platform provides toolset to deploy a new blockchain for the application, possibly even before a specific business logic needed for the application is developed.
A great deal of effort has been put on solving the scalability limitations on a single blockchain. While some of them are notable, we believe that the ultimate future of scalability in the ecosystem is the result of an unlimited number of blockchains. We envision a world with possibly billions of blockchains operating at the same time. As a result, the platform will allow applications to be run in separate blockchains if necessary, achieving complete scalability isolation to other application systems in the same ecosystem.
Usability has long been a bottleneck for the general acceptance of cryptocurrencies. The platform plans to develop both browser based wallet and mobile light-weight wallet for smartphones, all while having modern user experience and high security in mind. Cold wallet should be easily used by everyone, allowing users to safeguard their virtual assets with a peace in mind, free from the threats from the dark corners of the web.
How Can VSYS Coin Holders Participate in SPoS Minting?
•It is extremely easy for coin holders to participate in minting. Just check the current Supernode candidate list and related information from the Supernode page on V SYSTEMS official website.
select the node address of the Supernode candidate whose vision aligns with yours, and lease your VSYS coins to the corresponding address through your V SYSTEMS wallet.
If your selected Supernode candidate is granted, you can check your interest in the Leasing page of V SYSTEMS wallet. VSYS coin holders own the right to cancel the lease to any Supernode candidates at any time.
I hope you learned something really new today. Please do share and leave a 👏.
Gibraltar Blockchain Exchange (GBX) has appointed in-house Head of Business Development Kurt Looyens, as its new CEO.
Looyens formerly held the position of Country Executive at ABN AMRO Bank in Spain, and he will be taking over from Nick Cowan, as the latter transitions into his role as CEO of the Gibraltar Stock Exchange (GSX) Group.
The move is one that is coming at a crucial time for the regulated token sale platform and digital asset exchange, as its digital asset platform is on the verge of listing new tokens.
GBX received a Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) License from the Gibraltar Financial Services Commission (GFSC).
Speaking on the appointment, Cowan pointed out that Looyens’s “vast experience in finance, business development, and regulatory matters will provide the GBX with essential leadership to cement its position as a leading digital asset exchange.”
Virtual characters are all the rage lately. At the Grammy’s this year, Google showed off an AR dancing version of “Childish Gambino” (aka Donald Glover) as part of its AR Playground. Using the app, you can use the camera and augmented reality you can see the performer dancing in real world settings. But virtual characters have been around in movies, TV shows, video games for many years. Virtual YouTube characters, known as virtual influencers are now the “next big thing”.
To honor the 20th anniversary of the release of the Matrix this year, here is my list of the top 5 virtual characters that have graced our TV, computer, mobile or movie screens.
The Matrix was groundbreaking not just in its special effects, but also because it popularized the idea that everything around us, characters and all were actually part of a virtual reality.Whether you buy the premise or not, which is now referred to as the Simulation Hypothesis, no one can deny the Matrix’s effect on popular culture which went well beyond science fiction and its depiction of characters as real and virtual.
Gamers know this distinction as PCs (Player characters) and NPCs (non-player characters), who are Artificial Intelligence (AI) in video games.
We haven’t quite gotten there yet, but the advancement of 3D modeling and rendering techniques has made it possible to have characters which look and feel real, but which we know are virtual — either inside a virtual reality game or projected to the outside world. We’ll look at how fictional and actual depictions of these characters may have foretold the future.
For purposes of this list, we are going to focus only on NPCs — or virtual characters. Even Childish Gambino, which is based on a real character, doesn’t qualify, since it just dances but doesn’t have much AI. For purposes of this list, we also won’t include robots or androids, who are in fact artificial but with bodies (or the list would grow way too long — that can be a separate article) — sorry C3PO, who is fond of reminding us that he is fluent in six million forms of communication!
Since we are talking visual characters, there are some great disembodied characters that won’t make the cutoff. So, without further ado, here’s my list of top 5 virtual characters and how they may have foretold the future!
For most of us, Max Headroom, the stuttering talking head which rose to fame in the 1980s, was the first idea of a virtual character that could look human and actually speak, though with an electronically sampled voice.
Max first appeared in 1985 British made for TV movie, “ Max Headroom: 20 Minutes into the Future .” Max became a celebrity in his own right, appearing in more than one movie, TV show and making guest appearances in various places. There was even an American TV series that aired from 1987–1988 called “Max Headroom” on ABC. On the British side, there was ‘The Max Headroom Show’, which ran for 3 seasons. Although his heyday was in the 1980s, Max also recently appeared in the movie Pixels in 2015.
Even those who remember the character probably don’t remember the back story. TV reporter Edison Carter (played by Matt Frewer) hit his head on a sign that said, “Max. Headroom 2.3m”. Later, his personality was uploaded to a computer, and Max was the virtual character that resulted from this “uploading of consciousness”.
Max had a very distinct personality — in fact creator Rickie Morton said that Max was the “very sterile, arrogant, Western personification of the middle-class, male TV host”. The world of the Max Headroom shows was a dystopian future run by TV networks — while they hadn’t imagined Google or Facebook in those days, this virtual character was one of the first that got us thinking about the whole idea of “virtual characters”.
How Max Headroom Foretold the Future:
Besides being a forerunner of all of today’s virtual characters, we are now seeing virtual characters start to creep into the newsroom. In fact, China’s Xinhua news agency recently introduced a male and female virtual news anchor, and I’m told (though I don’t speak Chinese) that they do a great job of reproducing a human news anchor, who may no longer be necessary. Max Headroom may have been prescient after all.
Virtual Character #4: The Doctor Hologram in Star Trek: Voyager
While the first Star Trek (known as TOS, the Original Series) had Spock, a Vulcan and Star Trek: The Next Generation had Data, everyone’s favorite android who became a Star Fleet Officer, Star Trek: Voyager was one of the first TV series to have a virtual character as a regular member of the cast.
In the show, the spaceship Voyager went through a wormhole and was flung 70,000 light years away from Earth, to boot it didn’t have a doctor on the crew. That could be inconvenient since humans have an annoying habit of getting sick or malfunctioning in other ways.
Luckily, the ship had the newly created Emergency Medical Hologram, played by Bob Picardo, who always asked when he first became active, “What is the nature of your medical emergency?”, and seemed to be better than a lot of real doctors in diagnosing and curing members of the crew.
At first, the character was confined to the Medical Laboratory, where the holograph projectors were located which had his program. The doctor had a distinct personality and there were many stories about him. As the series evolved, they got him an armband which served as a mobile projector, so that the doctor wander around the ship. In a particularly interesting take on virtual vs. virtual character, in the episode “ Heroes and Demons ,” the Doctor (a hologram) went into a Holodeck re-creation of Beowulf, and interacted with the hologram characters there, who seemed less “real” and more “programmed” than he was — because they existed only inside the simulation, while the doctor existed outside of it, in Voyager.
How it foretold the future:
Holographic characters are starting to be taken more seriously. It happened with the Tupac hologram, and with AR it looks like the characters are inside physical environments. Though we don’t have emergency medical holograms, AI has developed recently that has gotten very good at diagnosing tumors from X-rays. In fact, this has been one of the areas that is most promising for machine learning.
Virtual Character #3: Virtual Influencers: Kizuna Ai and Lil Miquela
This spot goes to two (real life?) virtual characters that never existed on TV or in the movies. They are among the biggest YouTube stars — in fact, the days of YouTube celebrities being human may be a thing of the past.
The trend stated In Japan, with Kizuna Ai, an anime-inspired character who looks cartoonish, is a major star in Japan. In 2018, the character has not one but two YouTube channels and has over 2 million subscribers. She was known as the first “virtual YouTuber” and later, Mattel launched virtual Barbie as a real character. Today YouTube estimates over half a billion views that have been attributed to virtual influencers on the platform.
More recently, Silicon Valley got into the game as the creators of Lil Miquela, a more realistic looking CG characters he recent wave of virtual characters. These characters are now well-known enough and because of their AI, even though there are voice actors and regular actors they may be modeled on, are considered separate from those actors. Unlike say both Max Headroom and the doctor in Star Trek where the actor was a major part of creating the character, here 3d modeling and visualization techniques are used to create the characters and the latest artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques are used to make them seem real.
How they foretold the future:
This future is just being invented. Virtual characters are already doing a great amount of advertising. As these characters, who are for now just inside YouTube videos, are ever introduced inside video game-like simulations and allowed to run free, we may have the first real independent “virtual characters”. We may be some years off from this, but you can see the trend emerging.
Virtual Character #2: Joi from Blade Runner 2049
Of course, we couldn’t conclude this article without a reference to Philip K Dick, whose original story, “ Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep ,” was the inspiration for the 1982 movie Blade Runner, starring Harrison Ford. There were many great artificial characters in that movie — but they were all embodied so don’t count as virtual characters for this list- including Sean Young as Rachel who had implanted memories and thought she was human, and Darryl Hannah’s Pris, the pleasure model of android, not to mention Rutger Hauer’s Roy Batty.
In the long-awaited sequel, Blade Runner 2049 (which wasn’t based on a Dick novel but his last wife, Tessa B. Dick, said he’d appreciate it, though she found it slow), Ryan Gosling plays K, who is an android detective. So where are the virtual characters in this?
It turns out that Joi, the hologram “girlfriend” of K, who was a virtual character, kind of stole the show for many people. She was, of course, one of many copies — anyone could buy a version of Joi to be their girlfriend, and K was enamored with her, and had a portable device to take her with him. Who can forget the advertisement for Joi, showing the virtual character at much larger than life-size? Her portability becomes important to the plot.
How This Foretold the Future:
The movie only came out recently, but the genre of the virtual girlfriend is an interesting one. In Japan, there was a gentleman who married a virtual character. In the 2014 movie, Her, Joachim Phoenix played a lonely tech guy who got a new operating system and fell in love with her. In a striking resemblance to a scene from Blade Runner 2049, the main character tries to have sex with the virtual character by using a surrogate. Virtual love and sex are new areas, but new technology helping with loneliness is not.
Virtual Character #1: Agent Smith from the Matrix
And, we come to the #1 virtual character. Since this article is in honor of the 20 th anniversary of the release of the Matrix, who else could it be but the famous Agent Smith from “The Matrix” trilogy?
Played by Hugo Weaving, Agent Smith was a virtual character created by the super-intelligent machines that had created the Matrix, who was set out to find and destroy Neo (the main character, played by Keanu Reeves). Who can forget Agent Smiths’ slow delivery of Neo’s virtual character’s name, “Mr. Anderson” and not to mention the awesome special effects.
What made this character really special was that he could be in more than one place. In fact, in one of the sequels, he uploads his consciousness to one of the humans outside the matrix. A virtual character becoming real, and he finds he doesn’t like it. In another incredible example of why he’s the top virtual character on this list, Smith makes copies of himself and then proceeds to have the copied inhabit every single virtual character in the Matrix, everywhere. In fact, Empire magazine voted him the 84 th most popular movie character of all time.
Even the creators of the Matrix, the super-intelligent machines had to be careful with this one — who seemed intent not just on killing Neo, but once he was released from the control of the machines, on destroying both the humans and the Matrix itself. While his ultimate fate isn’t fully explained, it’s theorized that the machines actually kill Agent Smith, by deleting all copies of him when his purpose has been served, by re-booting the Matrix. In fact, fan theories have cropped up which suggest that Agent Smith was the “Many” to Neo being the “One”, making him just as much of a messiah as Neo.
How He Foretold the Future:
I don’t know if Agent Smith foretold the future or not, though the simulation hypothesis is taken much more seriously now than it was in the past. In his 2003 breakout paper, “Are You Living in A Simulation”, Oxford philosopher Nick Bostrom made the argument that if any civilization were ever to create a Matrix-like reality (which he called ancestor simulations) then it’s very likely that we are already in a simulation. This argument was because there would potentially be many more (millions, trillions?) of simulated characters inside ancestor simulations than real biological beings. Other scientists, like Neil deGrasse Tyson and Stephen Hawking, not to mention technologists like Elon Musk, have agreed that it’s very possible that we live inside a simulation and are simulated beings. What this means is that Agent Smiths may be more plentiful than Neos — in fact, we you and I might be more like Agent Smith than we know.
And there you have it — some of the best virtual characters over the last 30 years, and what they portend for the future. As computer science, computer graphics, and AI evolve, they grow to touch every part of our lives. To quote a famous saying about science fiction, the future ain’t what it used to be. In our future, these famous virtual characters may end up having more influence on our world than the ubiquitous robots/androids that get most of the attention in stories and movies.
By CCN.com: According to the Muller report, Julian Assange described Hillary Clinton in private messages as ‘a bright, well connected, sociopath’, and also made references to her ‘bloodlust, and ambitions of empire’. ASSANGE’S HATRED OF HILLARY CLINTON REVEALED IN MUELLER REPORT Those comments were scraped from a Wikileaks Twitter account and presented in the section of the Muller report detailing Wikileaks role in the 2016 U.S presidential elections. Julian Assange is said to have written: “We believe it would be much better for GOP to win… dems+media+liberals woudl (sic) then form a block to reign in their worst qualities… With